Thursday, March 3, 2016

Ivan Illich quotes: Deschooling Society_ivan illich illustrated

Quotes from Deschooling Society by Ivan Illich  

An artist's perspective in pictures 'ivan illich illustrated' 

"If we add those engaged in full time teaching to those in full time attendance, we realize that this so-called superstructure has become society's major employer.   In the United States sixty-two million are in school and eighty million at work elsewhere . . .

This section will be added to as time goes by, with art, cartoons and photos


Art by Emma Holister

The New Alienation

"Only if school is understood as an industry can revolutionary strategy be planned realistically  . . . 

Alienation, in the traditional scheme, was a direct consequence of work's becoming wage-labor which deprived man of the opportunity to create and be recreated. ... 

Now young people are prealienated by schools that isolate them while they pretend to be both producers and consumers of their own knowledge, which is conceived of as a commodity put on the market in school. 

School makes alienation preparatory to life, thus depriving education of reality and work of creativity.  

School prepares for the alienating institutionalization of life by teaching the need to be taught.

Once this lesson is learned, people lose their incentive to grow in independence; they no longer find relatedness attractive, and close themselves off to the surprises which life offers when it is not predetermined by institutional definition. 

And school directly or indirectly employs a major portion of the population.  

School either keeps people for life or makes sure that they will fit into some institution.

The New World Church is the knowledge industry, both purveyor of opium and the workbench during an increasing number of the years of an individual's life.  

Deschooling is, therefore, at the root of any movement for human liberation.

Rebirth of Epimethean Man


"Our society resembles the ultimate machine which I once saw in a New York toy shop . . . 

. . . It was a metal casket which, when you touched a switch, snapped open to reveal a mechanical hand . . . 

. . . Chromed fingers reached out for the lid, pulled it down, and locked it from the inside.  

It was a box; you expected to be able to take something out of it; yet all it contained was a mechanism for closing the cover. 

This contraption is the opposite of Pandora's 'box'.

The original Pandora, the All-Giver, was an Earth goddess in prehistoric matriarchal Greece.  She let all ills escape from her amphora (pythos).  But she closed the lid before Hope could escape.

The history of modern man begins with the degradation of Pandora's myth and comes to an end in the self-sealing casket.

It is the history of the Promethean endeavor to forge institutions in order to corral each of the rampant ills. 

It is the history of fading hope and rising expectations . . . 

To understand what this means we must rediscover the distinction between hope and expectation. 

Hope, in its strong sense, means trusting faith in the goodness of nature, while expectation, as I will use it here, means reliance on results which are planned and controlled by man. . . .

Hope centers desire on a person from whom we await a gift. 

Expectation looks forward to satisfaction from a predictable process which will produce what we have the right to claim.  The promethean ethos has now eclipsed hope.

(below sketches: giftig in german = poisonous, gift = poison)


quotes from ivan illich - deschooling society - artwork by Emma Holister

Doctored Accounts (Eng)

Comptes Soignes (Fr)

Comics Medico (Sp)


Portraits and Sketches

End of the Line

Far Out

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